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UMass Economics Working Papers

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In the aftermath of large devaluations, prices of tradable goods and lower-priced varieties increase significantly more than the prices of nontradables and higher-priced varieties. These relative price changes may lead to inflation inequality when household consumption baskets are different across the distribution of income. Using Cravino and Levchenko [2017]’s methodology, we show that inflation for poor households in Brazil was at least 11 percentage points higher than for rich ones in the aftermath of the 2002 large devaluation. A detailed case study of the City of São Paulo estimates an inflation inequality ranging from 8 to 11 percentage points in the city.


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