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Recent developments in the theory of production networks offer interesting applications and revival of input-output analysis. Some recent papers have studied the propagation of a temporary, negative shock through an input-output network. Such analyses of shock propagation relies on eigendecomposition of relevant input-output matrices. It is well known that only diagonizable matrices can be eigendecomposed; those that are not diagonalizable, are known as defective matrices. In this paper, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for diagonalizability of any square matrix using its rank and eigenvalues. To apply our results, we offer examples of input-output tables from India in the 1950s that were not diagonalizable and were hence, defective.



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