WHAT MAKES INFORMATION IMPORTANT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON LEARNING IN SELF-DIRECTED STUDY
Journal or Book Title
PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS
This study investigated what makes text-based information important and what is its influence on learning. College students studied an expository text following their own self-directed study procedures. Data from Exp. 1 (n = 60) and Exp. 2 (n = 40) showed that information was considered important if it (a) began and ended text, (b) began a paragraph, (c) appeared at somewhat equal intervals in text, and (d) contained enumerations of concepts. Subjects recalled information that (a) began the text and (b) contained examples of enumerations. It appeared that text-based variables established what was important and this influenced learning. Implications for the selective attentionhypothesis and its volume-of-attention corollary, the cycles hypothesis, and the slot-filling hypothesis are discussed.
BLANCHARD, J and Carey, J, "WHAT MAKES INFORMATION IMPORTANT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON LEARNING IN SELF-DIRECTED STUDY" (1992). PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS. 26.