Publication:
Interpreting

dc.contributor.advisorLeda Cooks
dc.contributor.advisorMartha Fuentes-Bautista
dc.contributor.advisorEdwin Gentzler
dc.contributor.authorKent, Stephanie Jo
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Massachusetts Amherst
dc.date2024-03-27 17:38:02
dc.date.accessioned2024-04-26T15:11:03Z
dc.date.available2024-04-26T15:11:03Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.date.submittedFebruary
dc.date.submitted2014
dc.description.abstractWhat do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and discount cultural identity. The default mode of interpreting shows a desire for speed that suppresses differences requiring cultural mediation. It is theorized this imbalance stems from the invention and implementation of simultaneous interpreting within a highly charged historical moment that was steeped in trauma. Interpreting as a professional practice developed in keeping with technological capacities and historical contingencies accompanying processes of industrialization and modernity. The resulting expectations about what interpreting can and cannot achieve play out in microsocial group dynamics (as inequality) and macrosocial policy (legalized injustice). Interpreting invites an encounter with difference: foreignization is embedded within the experience of participating in simultaneous interpretation because interpreting disrupts the accustomed flow of consciousness, forcing participants to adapt (or resist adapting) to an alternate rhythm of turn-taking. This results in an unusual awareness of time. Discomforts associated with heightened time-consciousness open possibilities for deep learning and new kinds of relationships among people, ideas, and problem-setting. An analysis of the frustrations of users (interpretees) and practitioners (interpreters) suggests the need for other remedies than complete domestication. Reframing training for interpreters, and cultivating skillful and strategic participation by interpretees, could be leveraged systematically to improve social equality and reduce intercultural tensions through a balanced emphasis on sharing understanding and creating mutually-relevant meanings. This comparative cultural and critical discourse analysis enables an action research/action learning hypothesis aimed at intercultural social resilience: social control of diversity can be calibrated and contained through rituals of participation in special practices of simultaneously-interpreted communication.
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.description.departmentCommunication
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7275/n04n-bv72
dc.identifier.orcidN/A
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14394/17182
dc.relation.urlhttps://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1119&context=dissertations_2&unstamped=1
dc.source.statuspublished
dc.subjectsocial construction of technology
dc.subjectintersectionality
dc.subjectpolicy studies
dc.subjectlanguage and culture
dc.subjecttransformative research
dc.subject#KRKTR
dc.subjecttime
dc.subjectprofessionalization
dc.subjectmanaging diversity
dc.subjectasylum
dc.subjectcontrol (engineering)
dc.subjectaction learning
dc.subjectaccessibility
dc.subjectaction research
dc.subjectagency
dc.subjectallies
dc.subjectAmerican Sign Language
dc.subjectanthropology
dc.subjectApache
dc.subjectappreciative inquiry
dc.subjectart
dc.subjectASL
dc.subjectbackward chaining
dc.subjectcalibration
dc.subjectchronotope
dc.subjectcivil rights
dc.subjectcivil society
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectcollective intelligence
dc.subjectcommunication
dc.subjectcommunity interpreting
dc.subjectcommunity of practice
dc.subjectconference interpreting
dc.subjectconflict
dc.subjectconsciousness
dc.subjectconstitutive
dc.subjectcontext
dc.subjectcontrol
dc.subjectcritical
dc.subjectcross-cultural communication
dc.subjectcultivation
dc.subjectcultural diversity
dc.subjectcultural economy
dc.subjectcultural studies
dc.subjectculture
dc.subjectdanger
dc.subjectdeaf
dc.subjectdeaf history
dc.subjectdecision latitude
dc.subjectdemocracy
dc.subjectdesign
dc.subjectdevelopment
dc.subjectdialectic
dc.subjectdialogic
dc.subjectdiscourse
dc.subjectdiscursive consciousness
dc.subjectdiversity
dc.subjectdomestication
dc.subjectdurance
dc.subjectdureé
dc.subjectecology
dc.subjectELF
dc.subjectempowerment
dc.subjectengineering
dc.subjectEnglish
dc.subjectEnglish as a foreign language
dc.subjectemergency management
dc.subjectensemble interpreting
dc.subjectentailment
dc.subjectenvironmental refugees
dc.subjectepistemic
dc.subjectethics
dc.subjectethnography
dc.subjectethnography of communication
dc.subjectEuropean Parliament
dc.subjectfailure
dc.subjectforeignization
dc.subjectfield of equality
dc.subjectframing
dc.subjectfunctionalism
dc.subjectglobalization
dc.subjectgovernment
dc.subjectgroup dynamics
dc.subjectgroup relations
dc.subjectguerilla research
dc.subjectHawaiians
dc.subjectheritage
dc.subjectheritage language
dc.subjectheteroglossia
dc.subjecthistory
dc.subjecthomolingualism
dc.subjecthope
dc.subjectHuarani
dc.subjecthuman factors
dc.subjecthumanitarian
dc.subjectIBM system
dc.subjectideology
dc.subjectimmigrants
dc.subjectindexicality
dc.subjectinstitutional ethnography
dc.subjectinstitutional theory
dc.subjectintegrity
dc.subjectintercultural communication
dc.subjectintercultural conflict
dc.subjectinternational management
dc.subjectinternational law
dc.subjectinternational politics
dc.subjectinterpretation
dc.subjectinterpreters
dc.subjectinterpreting
dc.subjectintervention
dc.subjectinsight
dc.subjectinspiration
dc.subjectintuition
dc.subjectinvention
dc.subjectknowledge
dc.subjectlanguage
dc.subjectlanguage ideology
dc.subjectlanguage policy
dc.subjectlanguage rights
dc.subjectlanguage use
dc.subjectlaw
dc.subjectlingua franca
dc.subjectlinguascapes
dc.subjectlinguistics
dc.subjectlinguistic rights
dc.subjectloss
dc.subjectmachine model
dc.subjectmachine translation
dc.subjectmacrosocial
dc.subjectmanagement
dc.subjectmeaning
dc.subjectmeasurement
dc.subjectmediation
dc.subjectmedium studies
dc.subjectmetaphor
dc.subjectmicro-macro
dc.subjectmicrosocial
dc.subjectmigration
dc.subjectminorities
dc.subjectminority language
dc.subjectmodels
dc.subjectmodernity
dc.subjectmonolingualism
dc.subjectmulticultural
dc.subjectmultilingualism
dc.subjectnonviolence
dc.subjectnorms
dc.subjectNuremberg
dc.subjectoppression
dc.subjectorganizational development
dc.subjectorganization studies
dc.subjectparadigms
dc.subjectparallel process
dc.subjectpeace
dc.subjectpluralingualism
dc.subjectpolicy
dc.subjectpolitical economy
dc.subjectpolitics
dc.subjectpositivism
dc.subjectpower
dc.subjectpower/knowledge
dc.subjectpractical consciousness
dc.subjectpractice profession
dc.subjectproblematic moment approach
dc.subjectpublic policy
dc.subjectpublic sphere
dc.subjectquality assessment
dc.subjectradical pedagogy
dc.subjectrefugees
dc.subjectrelational autonomy
dc.subjectrelational sociology
dc.subjectresilience
dc.subjectresistance
dc.subjectresponsibility
dc.subjectrevolution
dc.subjectrisk
dc.subjectritual
dc.subjectrole space
dc.subjectscience
dc.subjectsign language interpreting
dc.subjectsimultaneity
dc.subjectsimultaneous interpretation
dc.subjectsocial change
dc.subjectsocial identity
dc.subjectsocial interaction
dc.subjectsocial interpreting
dc.subjectsocial justice
dc.subjectsocial metonymy
dc.subjectsocial policy
dc.subjectsocial problems
dc.subjectsocial science
dc.subjectsocial resilience
dc.subjectsocial theory
dc.subjectsocial transaction
dc.subjectsociolinguistics
dc.subjectsociology
dc.subjectstrategic design
dc.subjectstrategy
dc.subjectstructuralism
dc.subjectstructuration
dc.subjecttechnology
dc.subjectthinking in time
dc.subjecttimespace compression
dc.subjecttranslators
dc.subjecttranslating
dc.subjecttranslation
dc.subjecttransnational
dc.subjecttrauma
dc.subjectunconscious
dc.subjectvalues
dc.subjectvoice
dc.subjectXavante
dc.subjectwisdom
dc.subjectWW2.
dc.subjectAgency
dc.subjectAnthropological Linguistics and Sociolinguistics
dc.subjectBilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education
dc.subjectBusiness Administration, Management, and Operations
dc.subjectBusiness and Corporate Communications
dc.subjectBusiness Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics
dc.subjectCivil Law
dc.subjectCivil Rights and Discrimination
dc.subjectCommunications Law
dc.subjectCommunication Technology and New Media
dc.subjectComparative and Foreign Law
dc.subjectControls and Control Theory
dc.subjectCriminology and Criminal Justice
dc.subjectCritical and Cultural Studies
dc.subjectCultural History
dc.subjectCultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis
dc.subjectCurriculum and Social Inquiry
dc.subjectDigital Communications and Networking
dc.subjectDisability Law
dc.subjectEuropean History
dc.subjectEuropean Languages and Societies
dc.subjectEuropean Law
dc.subjectGame Design
dc.subjectHistory of Science, Technology, and Medicine
dc.subjectHuman Geography
dc.subjectHuman Rights Law
dc.subjectImmigration Law
dc.subjectIndigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law
dc.subjectIndustrial Organization
dc.subjectInequality and Stratification
dc.subjectIntellectual History
dc.subjectInteractive Arts
dc.subjectInternational and Intercultural Communication
dc.subjectInternational Business
dc.subjectInternational Economics
dc.subjectInternational Law
dc.subjectInterpersonal and Small Group Communication
dc.subjectLabor History
dc.subjectLaw and Politics
dc.subjectLaw and Society
dc.subjectLegal Ethics and Professional Responsibility
dc.subjectLinguistic Anthropology
dc.subjectLinguistics
dc.subjectMental and Social Health
dc.subjectModels and Methods
dc.subjectModern Languages
dc.subjectNonfiction
dc.subjectOperational Research
dc.subjectOrganizational Behavior and Theory
dc.subjectOrganizational Communication
dc.subjectOrganizations Law
dc.subjectOther American Studies
dc.subjectOther Languages, Societies, and Cultures
dc.subjectPeace and Conflict Studies
dc.subjectPerformance Studies
dc.subjectPhilosophy of Language
dc.subjectPhilosophy of Mind
dc.subjectPhilosophy of Science
dc.subjectPolicy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation
dc.subjectPolitical Economy
dc.subjectPolitical History
dc.subjectPolitical Theory
dc.subjectPolitics and Social Change
dc.subjectPsycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics
dc.subjectPublic Administration
dc.subjectPublic Affairs
dc.subjectPublic Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
dc.subjectPublic Economics
dc.subjectPublic Health
dc.subjectPublic Law and Legal Theory
dc.subjectPublic Policy
dc.subjectRace, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies
dc.subjectRisk Analysis
dc.subjectScience and Technology Law
dc.subjectScience and Technology Policy
dc.subjectScience and Technology Studies
dc.subjectSocial and Cultural Anthropology
dc.subjectSocial History
dc.subjectSocial Influence and Political Communication
dc.subjectSocial Policy
dc.subjectSocial Psychology
dc.subjectSocial Psychology and Interaction
dc.subjectSocial Welfare
dc.subjectSocial Welfare Law
dc.subjectSociology
dc.subjectSociology of Culture
dc.subjectSpeech and Rhetorical Studies
dc.subjectState and Local Government Law
dc.subjectSystems and Communications
dc.subjectSystems Engineering
dc.subjectTeacher Education and Professional Development
dc.subjectTheory, Knowledge and Science
dc.subjectTraining and Development
dc.subjectTransnational Law
dc.subjectTypological Linguistics and Linguistic Diversity
dc.subjectUrban Studies
dc.subjectWork, Economy and Organizations
dc.titleInterpreting
dc.typeopenaccess
dc.typedissertation
digcom.contributor.authorisAuthorOfPublication|email:stephaniejo.kent@gmail.com|institution:University of Massachusetts Amherst|Kent, Stephanie Jo
digcom.identifierdissertations_2/101
digcom.identifier.contextkey5463221
digcom.identifier.submissionpathdissertations_2/101
dspace.entity.typePublication
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscoverye9fd10b8-8307-4376-811f-98f0c399cc0a
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