The fringe city zones represent spaces which make the connection between city and nature, where urban areas cross into rural, or to the natural areas. The places where in the last decades, because of the rapid development, these zones shows the diverse of the land use and with lot of surfaces subjected to the constant changes (Friedberger, 2000) leading into destruction of the landscape. From the administrative point of view, the fringe zone starts outside the border of the Master plan (MP). The contemporary practice of urban planning confer the need to harmonize the interest of the city and the nature with intention to protect the natural resources, so development of the fringe zones is steering towards their exploitation and not destruction.
The aim of the paper is to present the existing practice of landscape planning in Serbia by representing two Master plans. The case analysis for the capital and the largest city in the country, Belgrade, covers north part of the MP coverage, where agricultural land is predominant, while MP for Vrnjačka spa, which represent smaller urban area, is an example of that how natural resources can be protected while, at the same time, further city development is considered. For Vrnjačka Spa, we are taking into account the natural resources – the existing vegetation presented through the system of the green areas, which are steering the development of the fringe zone towards the protection and enhancement of the environment and progress of tourist and recreational activities (Crnčević, 2005; Crnčević & Bakić, 2008).
Crnčević, Tijana PhD and Miljković, Jelena Živanović MSc
"Landscape planning of fringe city zones - the case studies of Belgrade and Vrnjačka Spa,"
Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning: Vol. 3:
1, Article 67.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/fabos/vol3/iss1/67
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