The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz as an Example for the Management of a Historical Monument



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Located between the Bauhaus town of Dessau and Lutherstadt Wittenberg, the Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz covers an area of about 145 square kilometres; equivalent to about one quarter of its original size in the 18th/19th century.

The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz is the largest area of an historical cultural landscape in Saxony-Anhalt. Former research projects were focused on the design and constructional highlights of the cultural landscape, which means: castles, small structures, historic town centers and parks. The landscape which is situated between those constructions was assessed partially due to landscape planning values.

Between those different evaluations it lacked the connection of the different scientific understandings that means an extensive complex analysis and evaluation of the historical cultural landscape. There were repeatedly problems in planning processes. The beauty of the landscape awakes desires to develop it, which would result in everlasting changes for the area. Also infrastructural measures like power lines, wind energy areas and traffic routes would mean a drastic change of the cultural landscape.

The realization for the need of a complex, scientifically-sound examination of the historical cultural landscape led to the preparation of the presented monument master plan.