Connectivity Analysis for Green Infrastructure Restoration Planning on National Level



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The green infrastructure idea has getting more and more importance in the last years research papers and planning guidelines (Rouse & Bunster-Ossa, 2013) (EEA, 2011). According to one of the first definition green infrastructure (GI) is an interconnected network of waterways, wetlands, woodlands, wildlife habitats, and other natural areas, greenways, parks and other conservation lands, farms, ranches and forests, wilderness areas and other open spaces that support native species, maintain natural ecological processes, sustain air and water resources and contribute to the health and quality of life (Benedict & McMahon, 2000). According to the European Union’s approach green infrastructure is not just a network, but on broader scale it is a theory addressing, the connectivity of ecosystems, their protection and the provision of ecosystem services, while also addressing mitigation and adaptation to climate change (EEA, 2011). It also emphasize that GI is a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas with other environmental features designed and managed to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services, which incorporates green spaces and other physical features in terrestrial areas. (European Commission, 2013). Strategical studies (European Commission, 2014b) draw attention to the importance of restoration and connectivity planning.