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The urban waterfront is the interface between urban areas and their adjacent water (Timur, 2013). Urban waterfronts have historically been the hub of transportation, trade and commerce. In the 20th century, many cities evolved from a manufacturing or trade economy to a service industry economy – often abandoning their waterfronts in the process, with common environmental problems, and creating the opportunity and need to reconceive the waterfronts (Smith et al., 2012). In the early 21st century, the waterfront regeneration trend has continued, often with a broader view of restoring and improving urban waterfront ecosystem services.

Here we suggest that this contemporary and continuous trend of urban waterfront regeneration represents a fundamental change in understanding and perception of urban waterfronts from a historical commercial/industrial place, to the waterfront as a special zone where goals for sustainability and resilience inspire new waterfront developments that explicitly aim to provide multiple ecosystem services, and support the concept of urban greenways.



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