Krakow was referred by Ebenezer Howard as a natural garden city (Bogdanowski 1979). This flattering opinion emphasized the purposefulness of the green system – the result of evolutionary development of the city since the Middle Ages, supported by fortification and communication factors of the Second Industrial Revolution. Kraków of today, a many times greater size, has lost its harmony. On the one hand an uncontrollable growth, low availability of the significant of green (Staniewska 2014). On the other hand, both touristic and settlement attractiveness historical centre of the UNESCO World Heritage Site List. Low degree of synergistic use of valuable and abundant green, mostly of historical origin – it is an aspect of contrast of Kraków at the beginnings of 21st century – the main problem of this article.
Środulska-Wielgus, Jadwiga; Staniewska, Anna; Łakomy, Katarzyna; and Wielgus, Krzysztof
"The Historical Elements of Kraków’s Green System - Protection Challenges for Landscape Planning in the 21st Century,"
Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning: Vol. 5:
2, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/fabos/vol5/iss2/11
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