District 11 is one of the most dynamically developing parts of Budapest, its population reached 150,000 people in 2018. The widest variety of land use is present in its 30 km2 of area, including apartment buildings from the early 20th century on the banks of Danube, villas on the Gellért Hill, panel buildings in the outskirts, industrial areas, family houses, and semi-natural areas. In addition to the developments affecting residential areas (Kasza, 2007), numerous investments have been started in the last few years that will have an effect on the entire capital: the tallest building in the city is under construction at the Kopaszi-gát (Kopaszi-Dam) and a so-called ’super hospital’ is planned in the district near Budaörs (www.ujbuda.hu).
The local government of the district has plans to create a greenway (Fabos, 2004), to satisfy the locals’ need for recreation by joining the remaining semi-natural areas. Landscape architecture master’s students from Szent István University are involved in the planning process. Our job was to select the route for it and to create development recommendations for hubs along the way. The planned greenway will be accessible to pedestrians as well as by bicycle (Bicycle roads, rules). It will lead from Kamaraerdő in the north (in the neighbouring District 12) to Normafa, two popular places on the Buda side of the capital for hiking and relaxation. Students completed the planning projects in groups.
The planning had to accomodate special requirements at each location:
1. Kamaraerdő: recreational developments, expanding existing elements
2. Bitterwater: recreational development while preserving the protection
3. Madárhegy (Birdhill): development of the green infrastructure network taking into account the new functions (parking, tree planting on the streets, potential future public transportation)
4. Rupp-hegy (Rupp Hill): recreational development while preserving the protection
5. Normafa: creating the link to the areas in District 11, expanding the green infrastructure network between it and the district’s border
Two variants were created of the plans for both areas, which we presented to the local government and local population at a forum in May 2017. The local government of the district plans to use the materials created by the students as part of a tender for financing the greenway.
Sallay, Ágnes; Szabó, Zita; and Kollányi, Laszlo
"Greenway Planning in the 11th District of Budapest,"
Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning: Vol. 6
, Article 24.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/fabos/vol6/iss1/24
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