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The renewal of historic gardens, landscapes and sites has become more common in Eastern and Central European region. The Department of Garden Art and Garden Techniques of the Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design has been dealing with this since 1963, with landscape renewal on landscape, garden and settlement scale, based on scientific research. The more than 50-year experience has already proved the advantages of such “design by research” approach in the garden and landscape renewal processes, with Landscape Architecture being a discipline which has developed from a very practical basis in park and garden design. (Brink, 2017)

The purpose of this paper is to show the most significant conclusions of our historic garden research related to the castle and manor house gardens from Carpathian Basin, focusing on the importance of visual connections and links designed initially on sites.

Using case studies, the paper intends to explore how good landscape design in historic environments is achieved. We highlight that there is not one correct answer or approach per site, but there are ways of thinking and working. The historical value cannot be simplified or understood as ’old’. the heritage being represented by the all-time valuable garden features and elements, independent from their formation in time. Besides the historical authenticity of the actual use, the new functions, the ecological claims, the social needs and the sustainability are the most important aspects which must be integrated in the heritage protection and reclamation process.



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