Landscape Design Possibilities of the Settlement Fringe



Publication Date

August 2022


The objective of the research is to interpret the structure of the settlement fringe and determine its landscape structure and features as well as its green space, and by using this knowledge, to interpret the settlement fringe from a landscape architectural point of view.

I considered the last built-up plot/parcel and a 200-meter-long landscape belt from its boundary, as the settlement fringe area. The research method is based on the creation and processing of a data set as well as perceptual examination. The primary source for mapping the current state of the sample areas are aerial photographs. Using the aerial photographs, I record the landscape structure of the settlement fringe, as well as its green space characteristics. The aerial analysis is complemented by the use of thematic maps, documents and databases. In order to shed light on the inter-connections of the various data regarding the delimitation of the settlement fringes’ characteristics, I carry out statistical analyses and allocate settlement and landscape features to the results.

When choosing the sample settlements, I selected those that have not grown together with other settlements, that do not have population in excess 5,000, maintained their compact structure, and are situated in a transforming and developing area but are only slightly affected by them. Therefore, in my research I deal with settlements that are relatively closed, have a compact structure, are moderately growing, and typically settled edges. I ensured that the settlements in the sample study are located in an area in which the settlements show variations regarding their natural characteristics and therefore form groups of settlements with different natural conditions. This choice provided an opportunity to examine the different characteristics of settlement fringes and to identify similarities and relationships within settlement groups. Accordingly, the subject of my research is the settlement fringe of 21 settlements from six different sectors of the Budapest agglomeration.

My interpretation of the settlement fringe and its characteristics regarding the landscape structure, green space offers a new approach to landscape planning research concerning settlement planning. The results highlight the appearance of the municipal green border and the need for landscape protection treatment.