Guidelines for Urban Regeneration in India through Parameters of Landscape Transformation



Publication Date

August 2022


This paper is a study of the residential urban regeneration programs in the city of Delhi. This research aims to prepare a landscape-driven holistic vision for urban regeneration by examining and evaluating elements of landscape planning through quantitative parameters such as mobility, building heights and other built-form regulations, blue-green networks, and qualitative aspects of open spaces such as identity.

In Delhi, the government has initiated an urban regeneration program called the General Pool Residential Accommodation (GPRA[1]) that uses existing residential plots for re-densification. An undertaking of such magnitude warranted a nuanced policy intervention for urban re-generation. However, it was found that the current research gap lay in a deficit of parameters to study the existing planning norms of redevelopment through the lens of landscape urban values.

The paper begins by surveying, analyzing, and assessing the prevailing redevelopment patterns of completed, under-construction, and future GPRA redevelopment projects. At the same time, case studies of landscape-driven evaluations of previous GPRA projects were analysed to establish benchmarks of landscape parameters. Based on this assessment, a set of “Efficiency Factors” were derived pertaining to each quantitative parameter and an “Assessment Index” was generated for qualitative parameters. The paper concludes with a catalogue of benchmarking criteria to be used as a guiding framework for future resilient and sustainable urban regeneration interventions in India.