An Application of Louver Deflectors for Guiding Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Smolts from Power Turbines
applications, approach velocity, Atlantic salmon, bar spacing, bypass, canal, deflectors, hydraulics, louvers, salmon, smolt, spacing, turbines, turbulence, vertical distribution
Journal or Book Title
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada
Louver deflectors for guiding Atlantic salmon away from destructive power turbines were installed in a canal leading to the powerhouse at East River, Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia, in 1966. Guiding efficiency studies, using hatchery-reared smolts, showed that a minimum approach:bypass velocity ratio of 1.0:1.5 was a prerequisite to high guiding efficiency. From 1967 to 1971, average guiding efficiency was increased from 57% to 80% through modifications which increased velocity and reduced flow turbulence in the bypass. A significant correlation existed between approach velocity and guiding efficiency within the range tested after bypass hydraulics had been modified. Tests conducted with varying louver bar spacing ranging from 5.1 to 30.5 cm. showed that the wider spacings did not impair guiding efficiency. Vertical distribution of smolt migrants in the power canal indicated that over 80% of the fish remained above depth 1.3 m. This was borne out by the fact that the bypass was effective when operating to a depth of only 0.91m. An appraisal of the practicality of the louver guiding system is presented.