Evaluation of Lower Umatilla River Channel Modifications Below Three Mile Dam, 1984




adult, channel, chinook, fish passage, migration, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, radio telemetry, recapture, salmon, steelhead, telemetry, Three Mile Dam, Umatilla River, upstream


This report summarizes results of the first year of a study initiated in September 1984 to evaluate the adequacy of channel modifications made in the lower Umatilla River to improve adult anadromous salmonid passage to Three Mile Dam (RKm 5.6), determine if fish passage or delay problems exist at Three Mile Dam, and recommend site specific corrective measures if needed. Movements of steelhead (Salmo gairdneri) were monitored using mark and recapture and radio telemetry techniques. Thirty-four steelhead were marked with T-anchor tags and released in the lower river. Fifteen of those marked were also fitted with radio transmitters. Three radiotagged steelhead migrated through channel modifications to Three Mile Dam. Two of these fish migrated to the dam in less than 26 hours, but held just below the dam for 7 and 10 days before entering the ladders. The third steelhead delayed for 30 days and entered the west ladder within 24 hours of arrival at the dam. Two other radiotagged steelhead moved upstream through some of the channel modifications but did not migrate to the dam. Only one of 19 marked steelhead not fitted with transmitters was recovered at Three Mile Dam. Study objectives for 1985 are to determine flows at which fall chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead negotiate channel modifications and enter ladders at Three Mile Dam and determine effects of passage through channel modifications on fall chinook salmon and steelhead migration above Three Mile Dam.

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