Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Journal of Food Protection


Previous environmental monitoring projects in food production facilities have revealed inconsistencies in how produce brush washer machines are cleaned after use; thus, the study of effective sanitation procedures for these machines is needed. Four chlorine solution treatments (ranging from 25 to 200 ppm), as well as a water-only treatment, were tested for efficacy in reducing bacterial loads for a selected small brush washer machine. Results indicate that rinsing with the machine’s power and water alone, a frequent practice among some produce processors, yielded a reduction of 0.91–1.96 log CFU per brush roller in bacterial counts, which was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, the chlorine treatments were found to be effective in reducing bacterial loads significantly, with higher concentrations being the most effective. The 200 ppm and 100 ppm chlorine treatments yielded bacterial reductions of 4.08 and 3.95 log CFU per brush roller, respectively, leaving bacterial levels statistically similar to the levels at postprocess decontamination, meaning these are the most effective at killing bacteria of all the chlorine concentrations tested. These data suggest the use of at least 100 ppm chlorine sanitizer solution is a good method to sanitize hard-to-clean produce washing machines, yielding an approximate 4 log CFU reduction of the inoculated bacteria.







UMass Amherst Open Access Policy

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.