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The use of mobile devices for identifying risk and coordinating disaster response is well accepted and has been proven as a critical element in disaster risk management. As new tools, applications, and software are adopted by municipal governments and NGOs for the identification and management of urban risk, the need for greater integration of the various data they collect becomes acute. While the challenge of integrated data management is substantial, it is aided by the fact that many new tools have been developed to include an Application Programming Interface (API), which allows the machine-to-machine (i.e. automated) sharing of open data. While some proprietary platforms for the management of urban data are currently available, they are extremely costly and very limited in terms of data inputs; to date there are no open source geospatial software tools for the integrated management of various API sources to evaluate hazards for disaster response. A key to improving disaster risk management as an element of risk identification is the development of an integrated open source Decision-Support Risk Evaluation Matrix that enables: 1) automated integration of multiple geospatial and non-geosapatial API sources into a low cost, user-oriented dashboard; 2) backend database and software design for the Risk Evaluation Matrix that enables data sources to be parameterized and interrogated; 3) the development of an output API stream that allows additional secondary applications to optimize their evaluations and analyses through open access to critical risk information. To address these challenges this paper presents an open source Risk Evaluation Matrix, currently in development, which aims to provide situational oversight of flood hazards from multiple data-sources, including social media, in the city of Jakarta, Indonesia.
Holderness, Tomas; Turpin, Etienne; Wickramasuriya, Rohan; and Berryman, Matthew
"Advances in Civic Co-management within the Geospatial Ecosystem Applied to Disaster Risk Management,"
Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings: Vol. 15
, Article 45.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/foss4g/vol15/iss1/45