Workshop Format// Formats des Ateliers

Paper in a panel / paper dans un panneau

DOI

https://doi.org/10.7275/as5n-j183

Biographical Information // Informations biographiques

Lionella Scazzosi, PhD is an Architect and Full Professor at the Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Scazzosi has many designations including: author, consultant for the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Landscape for landscape policies; Council of Europe expert for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention; member of the ICOMOS-IFLA International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes (ISCCL) and voting member for Italy; convener of the ISCCL World Rural Landscape Initiative and the ICOMOS Doctrinal Text “Principles on Rural Landscapes as Heritage”; and scientific director of national and international research on landscape preservation and management, and landscape enhancement policies and cultures.

Raffaella Laviscio, Architect, Phd, adjunct professor at Politecnico di Milano (Italy) where she carries out research on protection and enhancement of cultural heritage and landscape in the context of national and international research programs. She is member of ICOMOS Italia and ISCCL and responsible for the scientific and organizational secretariat of the "World Rural Landscape Initiative". She is expert member of several Landscape Commission in Milan metropolitan area. She has participated in national and international conferences on the theme of cultural heritage and landscape. She is author of publications on the issues of knowledge and evaluation of cultural heritage.

Pierre Marie Tricaud, PhD, agronomist, landscape architect, urban planner and former president of the French IFLA. He works with the Greater Paris planning institute on open spaces studies, strategic plans, natural parks, and local projects in the Paris region and at the international level (Morocco, Libya, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Cambodia, Vietnam). Tricaud also carries out expert missions on World Heritage cultural landscapes. His interest and expertise include the cultural, natural, landscape and historical values of changing urban, rural and natural sites in the context of their planning, and searching for new uses of heritage elements, beyond their mere preservation.

Keywords

Rural landscape, Heritage, Inventory, Classification, Mapping, Multidisciplinary approach

Abstract // Résumé

ICOMOS doctrinal text “Principles concerning Rural Landscapes as heritage” 2017 gives orientations for knowledge, description and interpretations of rural landscapes as tangible and intangible heritage, essen­tial for the definition of any strategy and action (Principles 2017).

Actually, stu­dies that emphasize the heritage dimension of rural landscape have a rich and consolidated literature by many disciplines. But there are still few tools to inventory, describe, classify, compare and mapping them as heritage finalized to protection, ‘appropriate’ management and enhancement: too often description is reduced to tell history and geographical characteristics, to mapping the use of the land and to identifying the main built elements (Fairclough, 2010). A general application of criteria, methods and processes are necessary for World Heritage identification and management regimes (Tricaud, 2013), as well as for regional and local policies and needs common methodological approaches.

ICOMOS-IFLA Working Group on Rural Landscapes is working on a “World Ru­ral Landscape Atlas” aimed at providing a clear and shared framework at world level. The (draft) structure of the Atlas has two levels (Laviscio 2018): the first general classification of types is coherent with the definition of rural landscapes in the Principles 2017; it is articulated in a second level based on the criterium of “rural morphology” (Tricaud 2013; Scazzosi 2018). A Description Form is finalized to define and describe the rural landscape units as “rural landscape systems” following a «holistic» approach that starts from the axiom that ‘the whole is more than the sum of its parts’ (Antrop, 2000; Scazzosi 2018). The Atlas concerns both outstanding and ordinary landscapes, as Principles Text 2017 assumes. A draft structure of the Atlas is in www.worldrurallandscapes.org. A specific Bibliography on rural landscapes is ongoing. A common language at world level structuring a Glossary is a necessary output.

Bibliographic References // Références Bibliographiques

Antrop, M. (2000). Geography and landscape scien­ce. In Belgeo, Belgian Journal of Geography, vol 1-2-3-4/2000, pp. 9-36. Available from: http://journals.openedition.org/belgeo/13864 [February 8th, 2018]

Fairclough, G. (2010). Part III: Complexity and contin­gency: classifying the influence of agriculture on Euro­pean landscapes. In Kruse, A., Pungetti, G. (eds.). Eu­ropean Culture expressed in Agricultural Landscapes. Perspectives from the Eucaland Project, pp. 115-148. Rome: Palombi

Laviscio, R. (2018). Knowledge of rural landscape systems: an international proposal of a classification. In E. Rosina & L. Scazzosi (eds.), The conservation and enhancement of built and landscape heritage (pp. 55-66). Milan, Italy: PoliScript, Politecnico di Milano

Scazzosi, Lionella (2018), “Landscapes as systems of tangible and intangible relationships. Small theoretical and methodological introduction to read and evaluate Rural Landscapes as Heritage” In: Rosina,E., Scazzosi, L. (eds.), “The Conservation and enhancement of Built and Landscape Heritage”, heritage (pp. 19-40). Milan, Italy: PoliScript, Politecnico di Milano, ISBN: 978-88-6493-039-8

(https://re.public.polimi.it/retrieve/handle/11311/1050122/275347/Pubblicazione%20Mondonico_290318_DEF-compressed.pdf)

Tricaud, P. (2013, October) ‘Agricultural landscapes in a world heritage context,’ In: World Heritage 69: 60–62.

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Panel 11. Paper 11.2: Inventory and mapping rural landscapes

ICOMOS doctrinal text “Principles concerning Rural Landscapes as heritage” 2017 gives orientations for knowledge, description and interpretations of rural landscapes as tangible and intangible heritage, essen­tial for the definition of any strategy and action (Principles 2017).

Actually, stu­dies that emphasize the heritage dimension of rural landscape have a rich and consolidated literature by many disciplines. But there are still few tools to inventory, describe, classify, compare and mapping them as heritage finalized to protection, ‘appropriate’ management and enhancement: too often description is reduced to tell history and geographical characteristics, to mapping the use of the land and to identifying the main built elements (Fairclough, 2010). A general application of criteria, methods and processes are necessary for World Heritage identification and management regimes (Tricaud, 2013), as well as for regional and local policies and needs common methodological approaches.

ICOMOS-IFLA Working Group on Rural Landscapes is working on a “World Ru­ral Landscape Atlas” aimed at providing a clear and shared framework at world level. The (draft) structure of the Atlas has two levels (Laviscio 2018): the first general classification of types is coherent with the definition of rural landscapes in the Principles 2017; it is articulated in a second level based on the criterium of “rural morphology” (Tricaud 2013; Scazzosi 2018). A Description Form is finalized to define and describe the rural landscape units as “rural landscape systems” following a «holistic» approach that starts from the axiom that ‘the whole is more than the sum of its parts’ (Antrop, 2000; Scazzosi 2018). The Atlas concerns both outstanding and ordinary landscapes, as Principles Text 2017 assumes. A draft structure of the Atlas is in www.worldrurallandscapes.org. A specific Bibliography on rural landscapes is ongoing. A common language at world level structuring a Glossary is a necessary output.

 

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