Workshop Format// Formats des Ateliers

Panel/Présentations avec discussion du panel

Title// Titre

PANEL 2 Sustainable Rural Transformation

DOI

https://doi.org/10.7275/540z-7e43

Organizer/Presenter/author Information // Informations sur l'organisateur / le présentateur / auteurs

Patricia ODonnell, Heritage Landscapes LLCFollow

Biographical Information // Informations biographiques

Patricia M. O’Donnell is a preservation landscape architect and urban planner, who lives on a farm in a rural community. Heritage Landscapes LLC, the professional firm she began in 1987, has completed a diverse group of 500+ commissions to foster preservation and enable economic, environmental and societal sustainability for places of value, particularly cultural landscapes. Her works apply planning and implementation expertise to the preservation and stewardship of places of regional, national and global importance. Currently serving as President of the ICOMOS IFLA International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes, she fosters global collaboration to enhance cultural landscape preservation.

Keywords

cultural landscapes, rural heritage, rural cultural landscape protection, heritage economy, tourism, traditional rural products

Abstract // Résumé

The papers in this panel each address rural life and heritage issues and potential directions forward. Rural heritage includes tangible and intangible aspects of rural places and local communities. Heritage of the countryside represents a wide diversity of places, practices and traditions that are mainly based on productive land and the people who work the land.

These practices link to traditions, rural economy and livelihood, and are often shaped by government policies. In recent years rural lifestyle based on traditional production techniques have lost validity and vitality in recent decades due to multiple factors including the broader context of technology, industry, markets, and global digital transformation. The pressure of uncontrolled economic growth focused on urban areas has affected the life in rural areas; the production methods and the products around the world. In some countries policies support rural revitalization, while in others government agricultural and forestry policies and/or markets subvert or ignore rural issues.

Rural heritage is under threat from many directions, while in some localities progress toward revitalization is underway. Issues of rural depopulation, insecure and poor quality of life, market access for farmers, and eroding local identity are widely observed. Rural populations can advocate for rural life, but often do not. In some countries strategies for sustaining rural life and heritage have innovated toward new production and marketing methods, developed at the local level. Positive trends may be more widely applicable.

In this panel, the transformation of rural areas and developed approaches and practices in three different countries are discussed: Turkey, United States, Sub-Saharan Africa. First discussion is about the rural transformation in Turkey mentions the agricultural, administrative and legislative policies aiming to understand the conservation of rural landscapes in a wider perspective. Second discussion is offering an integrated management framework for rural landscapes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The third short paper explores changes in agriculture and forestry in response to social and environmental factors in the United States. Together, these three papers offer approaches that may apply to efforts that can sustain rural communities and quality of life for rural peoples.

Paper 1: O'Donnell, Rural Landscapes: Farm and Forest Heritage in the 21st Century

Paper 2: Malijani, Integrative Management Planning Framework for Sustainable Development of Sub-Saharan African World Heritage Cultural Landscapes

Paper 3: Kurtuluş, A Discussion on Rural Transformation in Turkey

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PANEL 2 Sustainable Rural Transformation

The papers in this panel each address rural life and heritage issues and potential directions forward. Rural heritage includes tangible and intangible aspects of rural places and local communities. Heritage of the countryside represents a wide diversity of places, practices and traditions that are mainly based on productive land and the people who work the land.

These practices link to traditions, rural economy and livelihood, and are often shaped by government policies. In recent years rural lifestyle based on traditional production techniques have lost validity and vitality in recent decades due to multiple factors including the broader context of technology, industry, markets, and global digital transformation. The pressure of uncontrolled economic growth focused on urban areas has affected the life in rural areas; the production methods and the products around the world. In some countries policies support rural revitalization, while in others government agricultural and forestry policies and/or markets subvert or ignore rural issues.

Rural heritage is under threat from many directions, while in some localities progress toward revitalization is underway. Issues of rural depopulation, insecure and poor quality of life, market access for farmers, and eroding local identity are widely observed. Rural populations can advocate for rural life, but often do not. In some countries strategies for sustaining rural life and heritage have innovated toward new production and marketing methods, developed at the local level. Positive trends may be more widely applicable.

In this panel, the transformation of rural areas and developed approaches and practices in three different countries are discussed: Turkey, United States, Sub-Saharan Africa. First discussion is about the rural transformation in Turkey mentions the agricultural, administrative and legislative policies aiming to understand the conservation of rural landscapes in a wider perspective. Second discussion is offering an integrated management framework for rural landscapes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The third short paper explores changes in agriculture and forestry in response to social and environmental factors in the United States. Together, these three papers offer approaches that may apply to efforts that can sustain rural communities and quality of life for rural peoples.

Paper 1: O'Donnell, Rural Landscapes: Farm and Forest Heritage in the 21st Century

Paper 2: Malijani, Integrative Management Planning Framework for Sustainable Development of Sub-Saharan African World Heritage Cultural Landscapes

Paper 3: Kurtuluş, A Discussion on Rural Transformation in Turkey