Workshop Format// Formats des Ateliers

Paper in a panel / paper dans un panneau

DOI

https://doi.org/10.7275/3f5t-gx04

Biographical Information // Informations biographiques

SIMAY CANSU EKICI, B.Arch, M.Sc, received her Bachelor degree of Architecture in 2015 from the Department of Architecture in Middle East Technical University (METU). After she worked at Hazan Architecture in different architectural projects for a year, she became a student in Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in METU. She was a part of the conservation and restoration project for the Hellenistic Tower in Diokaisaeria in 2017. Currently she works as a research assistant in METU Department of Architecture and she is writing her MSc thesis, titled as ‘Developing a Proactive Conservation Approach for a Modern Period Industrial Heritage: Adana Slaughterhouse (Kanara)’.

ELIF MIRAY KISAER, B.Arch, M.Sc, is a graduate student and research assistant at the Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in the Middle East Technical University. She is currently writing her thesis titled ‘Conservation of Anafartalar Çarşısı as an example of Modern Architectural Heritage in Ankara’. She graduated ranking first in class from the Department of Architecture in the TOBB Economy and Technology University in 2016. Besides, she has gained architectural practice in many firms as KA-BA Conservation of Historic Buildings and Architecture, Rönesans Holding, VEN Architecture and Mimarlar ve Han Tümertekin.

AZIME ALADAĞ, B.Arch, received her Bachelor degree of Architecture in 2014 from the Department of Architecture in İzmir Institute of Technology (Iztech). After working on different architectural projects for two years, in 2016, she became a student in Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Middle East Technical University (Metu). She worked as a conservation architect student, on documentation project of the Temple of Apollo Smintheon, in Gülpınar Smintheon excavations in 2017. Currently, she is writing her MSc thesis with the title ‘Understanding a Village Institute as a Heritage of Early Republican Period and Developing a Conservation Approach: Ivriz Village Institute’. She is also working as an architect at KÖK Architecture& Restoration on documentation and restoration project of Historical Boyabat Ortaçarşı in Sinop.

A. GULIZ BILGIN ALTINOZ, B.Arch, MSc, PhD, received her bachelor’s degree in architecture, and master’s and PhD degrees in restoration from Middle East Technical University. Her main academic and professional interest areas are conservation, management and planning of urban, rural and archaeological sites; multi layered towns and urban archaeology; information management, decision support systems and GIS in heritage conservation. A. Guliz Bilgin Altinoz is member of ICOMOS Turkey (Membership Number: TUR 4571

OZGUN OZCAKIR, B.Arch, MSc, PhD, received his bachelor’s degree in architecture, master’s and PhD degree in conservation of cultural heritage from Middle East Technical University (METU). Major research interests include values of cultural heritage, renewal and regeneration of heritage places. Ozgun Ozcakir is member of ICOMOS Turkey (Membership Number: TUR 35673

MERCAN YAVUZATMACA, B.Arch, MSc, was born in Gaziantep, Turkey in 1990 and got her bachelor degree from the architecture department of Dicle University, in 2012. She graduated from Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Middle East Technical University (METU) with the master thesis titled “A Study on the Building Techniques and Materials in the Late Antique and Byzantine Fortifications in Anatolia: Ancyra and Nicaea” in 2016. She is a doctoral student from 2017 and a research assistant from 2013 at METU, Architecture Department, Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage.

SİBEL YILDIRIM ESEN, B.Arch, MSc, PhD, is a Culture and Tourism Expert at the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, in Ankara. She holds a PhD in Conservation of Cultural Heritage from the Middle East Technical University, Turkey. Her PhD dissertation focused on “Risk Assessment of Archeological Heritage at Territorial Scale.” She also holds a Master of Science in Conservation of Cultural Heritage from the same university. In 2015, Yıldırım Esen was research fellow at ICCROM and she carried out her research on “A Practical Guide to Risk Assessment of Archaeological Heritage”.

Keywords

rural heritage, rural tissue, traditional architecture, traditional knowledge, rural practices, depopulation, Kemer Village

Abstract // Résumé

Kemer Village, a historic rural settlement situated in western Anatolia, is a very good representative of rural heritage places of this geography. Well-preserved buildings and settlement tissue of the village, provide invaluable information about spatial and architectural features, construction materials and techniques common to this geography. However, upper scale agricultural production and settlement policies, as well as changing ways of living in time, lead to depopulation, discard, alteration and even destruction of Kemer Village. Besides the physical aspects, its intangible aspects, like local living traditions, beliefs, rituals and indigenous knowledge, are also under the risk of disappearing. Although the population of the village decreased significantly in time, there are still inhabitants and local masons living in the village. Thus, it becomes possible to understand the factors, processes and dynamics of change in this rural settlement, so as to be able to define policies, strategies and actions for the conservation and sustainability.

Although the common tendency to provide an economic development to prevent depopulation of the rural historic areas is to bring touristic activities, this decision disturbs the integrity of social and physical environment. In Kemer Village this tendency has not been initiated yet. Therefore, Kemer Village is on the border of being abandoned or being a touristic destination.

This presentation explains the rural architectural and settlement features of the historical village of Kemer Village, together with indigenous knowledge on living and building traditions, resources and processes. It also discusses the factors, processes and dynamics affecting Kemer Village as an historic rural settlement, and consequently, proposes principles, policies, strategies and actions for the conservation and sustainability of rural heritage place by including all the decision makers, inhabitants and experts to the shared decision-making process.

Bibliographic References // Références Bibliographiques

Çiçek, İ., Ş. Çetin. 2001. Adala ve Köyleri [in Turkish]. Salihli, Turkey: Adala Belediyesi Kültür Yayınları.

Eldem, S. H. 1984. Türk Evi Osmanlı Dönemi [in Turkish]. İstanbul, Turkey: TAC Vakfi.

Kuban, D. 1995. Turkish hayat house [in Turkish]. İstanbul, Turkey: Eren Yayıncılık.

Ürer, H. 2009. Kültür ve Tabiat Varlıklarıyla Salihli [in Turkish]. İstanbul, Turkey: Salihli Belediyesi Kültür Yayınları.

ICOMOS-IFLA, 2017. Principles concerning Rural Landscapes as Heritage.

Aran, K. 2000. Barınaktan Öte [in Turkish]. Ankara, Turkey: Tepe Mimarlık Kültürü Merkezi.

Faroqhi, S. 2006. Osmanlı Şehirleri ve Kırsal Hayatı [in Turkish]. İstanbul, Turkey: Doğu Batı Yayınları.

Chambers, R. & Conway, G. (1992) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century, IDS Discussion Paper 296. IDS, Brighton.

Committee of Senior Officials of the European Conference of Ministers responsible for

Regional/Spatial Planning (CEMAT). (2003). European Rural Heritage Observation Guide.

Kurtuluş, B.; Güçhan Şahin, N. (2015) TÜBA Kültür Envanteri Dergisi, (13) pp.101-124.

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Panel 10. Paper 10.1: From Understanding to Action for Conservation and Sustainability of a Rural Heritage Place: Kemer, Turkey

Kemer Village, a historic rural settlement situated in western Anatolia, is a very good representative of rural heritage places of this geography. Well-preserved buildings and settlement tissue of the village, provide invaluable information about spatial and architectural features, construction materials and techniques common to this geography. However, upper scale agricultural production and settlement policies, as well as changing ways of living in time, lead to depopulation, discard, alteration and even destruction of Kemer Village. Besides the physical aspects, its intangible aspects, like local living traditions, beliefs, rituals and indigenous knowledge, are also under the risk of disappearing. Although the population of the village decreased significantly in time, there are still inhabitants and local masons living in the village. Thus, it becomes possible to understand the factors, processes and dynamics of change in this rural settlement, so as to be able to define policies, strategies and actions for the conservation and sustainability.

Although the common tendency to provide an economic development to prevent depopulation of the rural historic areas is to bring touristic activities, this decision disturbs the integrity of social and physical environment. In Kemer Village this tendency has not been initiated yet. Therefore, Kemer Village is on the border of being abandoned or being a touristic destination.

This presentation explains the rural architectural and settlement features of the historical village of Kemer Village, together with indigenous knowledge on living and building traditions, resources and processes. It also discusses the factors, processes and dynamics affecting Kemer Village as an historic rural settlement, and consequently, proposes principles, policies, strategies and actions for the conservation and sustainability of rural heritage place by including all the decision makers, inhabitants and experts to the shared decision-making process.

 

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