Workshop Format// Formats des Ateliers

Poster/ Affiches

DOI

https://doi.org/10.7275/d64w-xw58

Organizer/Presenter/author Information // Informations sur l'organisateur / le présentateur / auteurs

Bahar Elagoz Timur, Abdullah Gul UniversityFollow
Nilufer Baturayoglu Yoney, Abdullah Gul UniversityFollow

Biographical Information // Informations biographiques

Bahar Elagöz Timur is a research and teaching assistant and PhD candidate in architectural preservation at Abdullah Gül University School of Architecture. She received her BArch and MS degrees at Istanbul Technical University. Her research interests include the preservation of modern and industrial heritage, and the documentation, analysis and preservation of rural heritage. She is currently involved in international archaeological projects at Kerkenes Dağ (Yozgat) and Kanesh/Karum (Kültepe, Kayseri) with her co-authors as well as a rural heritage and sustainable development project.

Nilüfer Baturayoğlu Yöney is an associate professor of architectural preservation at Abdullah Gül University School of Architecture since 2013. She previously worked at Istanbul Technical University School of Architecture and Graduate Program in Architectural Preservation. She received her BArch and MS degrees at Middle East Technical University and her PhD at Istanbul Technical University. She studies, teaches and publishes on architectural preservation history and theory, architectural, urban and archaeological survey, documentation and preservation methods, history, characterization and conservation of building materials and technologies, and preservation of modern and industrial heritage. She is a member of ICOMOS and DOCOMOMO.

Keywords

cultural landscapes, rural heritage, Kayseri, sustainable development, Turkey, rural development, abandoned landscapes

Abstract // Résumé

The rural areas on the perimeter of Kayseri present a rich heritage and culture environment threatened by recent urban development. This paper focuses on the valley settlements on the northeast of the city in Gesi and Koramaz valleys, some of which date from as early as the Medieval period and whose population was multi-ethnic and multi-religious until the middle of the 20th century. Following the emigration of the Armenian and Greek population, the activities which have created and sustained these settlements for many centuries are disappearing as well as the architectural heritage as the villages are partially and seasonally occupied. This research aims to raise awareness about these rural and cultural landscapes and their heritage value by documenting the activities which have created them through mapping of the topography, the tangible remains and landscape as well as the collective memory of the former and present inhabitants. The methodology is based on the juxtaposition of physical architectural remains and the past and present rural and agricultural activities. This will make it possible to understand the potentials and to develop strategies for a sustainable future for the present communities through the tool and resource of cultural heritage. The agricultural activities, generated by the streams running along the valleys include orchards, vineyards and animal husbandry such as cows and water buffalo as well as pigeons housed in numerous columbaria. The plains on the northern side of the valleys, where the streams flow show different types of agricultural activities based on various grains and legumes. However, the declining population and the transformations in agricultural production is leading to the abandonment of these activities and its architectural heritage.

Bibliographic References // Références Bibliographiques

Eres, Z. (2016). Mimari ve Arkeolojik Koruma Kültürü Üzerine Yazılar (Writings on Architectural and Archaeological Preservation Culture), Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, İstanbul.

Faroqhi, S. (2014). Orta Halli Osmanlılar (Men of Modest Substance: House Owners and House Property in 17thCentury Ankara and Kayseri). H. Çalışkan (trans.). İstanbul: İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları

İnbaşı, M. (1992). XVI. yy. Başlarında Kayseri (Kayseri at the Beginning of the 16thCentury). Kayseri: İl Kültür Müdürlüğü Yayınları.

Kévorkian, R. H., Paboudjian, P. B. (2012). 1915 Öncesi Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Ermeniler (Armenians in Ottoman Empire Before 1915). İstanbul: Aras Yayınları.

Yılmaz, A. (yay.haz.), (2016). Ermeni ve Rum Kültür Varlıklarıyla Kayseri (Kayseri with Its Armenian and Greek Cultural Property), Hrant Dink Vakfı, İstanbul.

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Peripheral Rural Landscapes and Architectural Heritage Around Kayseri as a Sustainable Preservation Problem

The rural areas on the perimeter of Kayseri present a rich heritage and culture environment threatened by recent urban development. This paper focuses on the valley settlements on the northeast of the city in Gesi and Koramaz valleys, some of which date from as early as the Medieval period and whose population was multi-ethnic and multi-religious until the middle of the 20th century. Following the emigration of the Armenian and Greek population, the activities which have created and sustained these settlements for many centuries are disappearing as well as the architectural heritage as the villages are partially and seasonally occupied. This research aims to raise awareness about these rural and cultural landscapes and their heritage value by documenting the activities which have created them through mapping of the topography, the tangible remains and landscape as well as the collective memory of the former and present inhabitants. The methodology is based on the juxtaposition of physical architectural remains and the past and present rural and agricultural activities. This will make it possible to understand the potentials and to develop strategies for a sustainable future for the present communities through the tool and resource of cultural heritage. The agricultural activities, generated by the streams running along the valleys include orchards, vineyards and animal husbandry such as cows and water buffalo as well as pigeons housed in numerous columbaria. The plains on the northern side of the valleys, where the streams flow show different types of agricultural activities based on various grains and legumes. However, the declining population and the transformations in agricultural production is leading to the abandonment of these activities and its architectural heritage.

 

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