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Comparison of the ActiGraph 7164 and the ActiGraph GT1M during Self-Paced Locomotion

Purpose: This study compared the ActiGraph accelerometer model 7164 (AM1) with the ActiGraph GT1M (AM2) during self-paced locomotion. Methods: Participants (n = 116, aged 18-73 yr, mean body mass index = 26.1 kg·m−2) walked at self-selected slow, medium, and fast speeds around an indoor circular hallway (0.47 km). Both activity monitors were attached to a belt secured to the hip and simultaneously collected data in 60-s epochs. To compare differences between monitors, the average difference (bias) in count output and steps output was computed at each speed. Time spent in different activity intensities (light, moderate, and vigorous) based on the cut points of Freedson et al. was compared for each minute. Results: The mean ± SD walking speed was 0.7 ± 0.22 m·s−1 for the slow speed, 1.3 ± 0.17 m·s−1 for medium, and 2.1 ± 0.61 m·s−1 for fast speeds. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to determine significance. Across all speeds, step output was significantly higher for the AM1 (bias = 19.8%, 95% CI = −23.2% to −16.4%) because of the large differences in step output at slow speed. The count output from AM2 was a significantly higher (2.7%, 95% CI = 0.8%-4.7%) than that from AM1. Overall, 96.1% of the minutes were classified into the same MET intensity category by both monitors. Conclusions: The step output between models was not comparable at slow speeds, and comparisons of step data collected with both models should be interpreted with caution. The count output from AM2 was slightly but significantly higher than that from AM1 during the self-paced locomotion, but this difference did not result in meaningful differences in activity intensity classifications. Thus, data collected with AM1 should be comparable to AM2 across studies for estimating habitual activity levels.