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Carmen(Es) Y Lola. El Continuo Generacional De La Educación De La Mujer Desde La Novela Y El Monólogo Teatral De Cinco Horas Con Mario Hasta La Película Función De Noche

Taking as a point of reference the voice and figure of Carmen Sotillo, the present study analyzes Miguel Delibes’ Cinco horas con Mario (1966), the theatrical adaptation with the same name directed by Josefina Molina, and the film Función de noche (1981), directed also by Molina. The study addresses, on the one hand, the analysis of the mentioned works, establishing a cause-consequence relationship between Carmen’s speech and the educational paradigms of the Francoist regime in regard to women. On the other hand, the study is interested, from a general perspective, in the ideological state apparatuses and the mechanisms destined to reinforce a specific women archetype, among which will be included the postwar school structure, the institution of la Sección Femenina, women’s legal status, and other spaces devoted to reproduce and reinforce ideological content –religion, family–. Lastly, the essay also reflects on the contents of the works from their own media specificity, pointing out the links between content and their particular staging and ideological approach, trying from a general point of view to give an answer to the questions brought up by Carmen Sotillo and Lola’s speech, her alter ego.