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The intervention of social leisure on the loneliness, attachment, and wellbeing relationship among older adults: Resilience amid COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract
This study presents the results of a moderated mediation model probing the relationship among loneliness, attachment, leisure experience, and life satisfaction among adults 65 years and older during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the data drawn from a community-based survey conducted in southeast Canada in the fall of 2022, findings from the study indicate that older adults who are on their own and live with lower incomes are more at risk to experience loneliness. Findings are consistent with previous studies suggesting loneliness has a detrimental influence on wellbeing both directly and indirectly. Satisfaction with social leisure experiences could buffer the negative influence of loneliness on life satisfaction among elderly residents. This study addressed potential policy interventions and community actions that could serve to foster social bonds and community connectedness, reduce loneliness, and ultimately improve the wellbeing of older adults and enhance the resilience of communities during public health crises.
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