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ANTIFASCIST AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL WRITING BY THREE SOUTHERN EUROPEAN WOMEN WRITERS: NATÁLIA CORREIA, CONCHA ZARDOYA, AND LUDOVICA RIPA DI MEANA

Abstract
This thesis puts three antifascist writers in dialogue: Concha Zardoya, Natália Correia, and Ludovica Ripa di Meana. It does so based on their similarities as women who lived in Southern European fascist regimes, who wrote autobiographical poetry books about those regimes. Comparing and qualifying the regimes based on Umberto Eco’s Ur-Fascism, in which he highlights common “family resemblance” characteristics of fascist regimes, I set up the positionality of each women within her specific milieu. I then discuss the resulting poetry books, which all utilize a multi-temporal, teleological construction of the regime based on the writer’s own memory as someone who lived through it. Based on Michel-Roph Trouillot’s framing of history, I study how each writer uses this construction to move from agent/object of history to subject of history, thus granting herself the authority that was denied to her during the regime.
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/