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Measuring Resident Perceptions of Economically Benefiting from Tourism

Abstract
At the core of the resident attitudes literature is the general understanding that the more residents benefit financially from tourism, the more they tend to support it. While this relationship is a central tenet of the resident attitude literature, previous research has approached the measurement of resident perceptions of economically benefiting from tourism rather haphazardly using four disparate directions without a common reliable and valid scale. With this in mind, this study seeks to develop the Economic Benefit from Tourism Scale (EBTS). The scale’s development follows Churchill’s (1979) recommendations for scale development and uses three separate data collections across the United States of America and Poland to purify the scale and demonstrate its reliability and validity within an international context. Results from the confirmatory factor analyses confirm the EBTS’ international validity. Suggestions for how to include the scale within future data collections to strengthen Social Exchange Theory are presented.
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