Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Publication

Natural Products for Legume Defense: Investigating Terpene Metabolism in Medicago truncatula

Abstract
Plants use natural products called terpenes as part of their chemical response to environmental stresses. Legume species represent important agricultural and feed crops that are known to produce terpene-based compounds when under herbivore or microbial stress but whose defense mechanisms are not well understood. We worked to better elucidate the biosynthetic pathways behind terpene biosynthesis through characterization of terpene synthases (TPSs) in the model legume Medicago truncatula. Our characterization efforts focused on TPSs in terpene clades TPS-a and TPS-b, which includes monoterpene (C10) and sesquiterpene (C15) synthases with products often used in herbivore or microbial defense. We characterized several TPSs through co-expression with their predicted substrates and found several of them produced known antiherbivore or antimicrobial products. Treatments with methyl jasmonate or salicylic acid meant to mimic herbivore and microbial stress responses caused an increase in expression of several TPSs in planta, supporting potential defensive roles. Our characterization of biosynthetic enzymes and evaluation of their expression in M. truncatula allows for better understanding of legume chemical response strategies.
Type
campusone
article
thesis
Date
2024-02-01
Publisher
Rights
License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Embargo
DOI
Publisher Version
Embedded videos
Collections