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Applying the Resilience to the Community Development in Taiwan

Abstract
In 1999, the Shishui community in Nantou County, Taiwan was severely damaged by the 921 earthquakes, with many houses collapsing and community facilities suffering unprecedented damage. In late 2001, a community development association was established, and with the efforts of residents, the community was awarded the title of "Classic Rural Area" by the government in 2007, becoming a nationally recognized leisure agriculture demonstration base. However, with the subsequent reduction of external resources, continuous loss of internal talents, and operational dysfunction of community organizations, the Shishui community eventually stagnated. How can we evaluate the community's resilience in this situation? This study takes the Shishui community as its research field, integrates expert and scholar research on community resilience, constructs the elements of Shishui community development resilience through in-depth interviews with community residents, and analyzes Shishui community resilience indicators using the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM), with five main dimensions: sustainable development capacity, organizational leadership capacity, financial management capacity, community cohesion, and network resource capacity. Then, using the Similarity-based Importance-Performance Analysis (SBIPA) method, the study analyzes the evaluations of Shishui community residents on the satisfaction and importance of each resilience indicator. Finally, a total of 18 issues that residents consider important but have not yet reached the expected level of performance are identified, such as community resources and mechanisms to support young people returning to their hometowns and fair distribution of community resources by community organizations, which will become important directions for future community governance improvement.
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