Antioxidant Capacity of Fresh and Dry Leaf Extracts of Sixteen Scutellaria Species


The antioxidant capacity of 16 Scutellaria species was examined using Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assay. Total polyphenol, antioxidant capacity estimation and flavonoid content measurements were conducted on fresh and air dried leaf extracts. The highest total polyphenol content was obtained in dry leaf extracts of S. ocmulgee at 732.41 67 mg/g of gallic acid equivalent. Dry leaf extracts of S. ocmulgee registered 2480.93 μmol/g of Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and the highest total flavonoid content with 200.63 μg/mL from fresh leaf extracts of S. alpina. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), a common herb with known high antioxidant potential, was used as a standard for comparison with the Scutellaria species.