Journal or Book Title
Downtowns, the traditional business centers of our communities, have survived many changes throughout the last century. Once thriving retail and civic centers, they were adversely affected by changes in mobility, retail patterns and shopping habits. Since the 1960's downtowns have seen serious competition from suburban shopping centers, malls, strip commercial areas, major discount centers and on-line and catalogue sales. Despite these changes, downtowns still play a central role in our cities today. They are the centers of our urbanized areas and still reflect the economic core and image of our cities. A healthy downtown is often synonymous with a healthy community.
Mullin, John and Kotval, Zenia, "Measuring the Effectiveness of Downtown Revitalization Strategies" (2003). NYCOM Bulletin. 23.
Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umass.edu/larp_faculty_pubs/23