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Access Type

Campus-Only Access for One (1) Year

Document Type


Degree Program

Environmental Conservation

Degree Type

Master of Science (M.S.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Water is a fundamental human right supporting life, health, and livelihoods. Yet water-related issues are ranked among the top five global economic risks (WEF, 2020). About two-thirds (4 billion) of the world's population live with severe water scarcity for at least one month, of which about 48% live in both India and China (Mekonnen et al., 2016). In Côte d'Ivoire, the Bandama River, one of the largest in the country, has struggled to meet expected demand, causing recurrent water and electricity shortages. The city of Bouaké in Côte d'Ivoire and neighboring towns experienced a severe water shortage in 2018 with the drying up of the water supply reservoir (Loka along the Bandama River), affecting 70% of the population causing difficult economic and social conditions. To fully understand this dimension of water scarcity in the Bandama watershed, this study models current water availability using SWAT and assesses the current watershed system in Cote d’Ivoire. Model calibration and validation performances were suboptimal. However, the model gave important information about the dominant process and the critical areas of the watershed. This information guided the development of strategies to build resilience in the water supply system through institutional and stakeholder-driven approaches.


First Advisor

Timothy O. Randhir