Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.

Non-UMass Amherst users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Dissertations that have an embargo placed on them will not be available to anyone until the embargo expires.


Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Document Type


Degree Program


Degree Type

Master of Science (M.S.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent potentially traumatic experience that increases risk for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, there is still considerable heterogeneity in PTSS among women exposed to IPV. Research on IPV has examined the ways in which different characteristics of IPV exposure have separately related to risk for PTSS, specifically the type (physical, psychological, economic, sexual), frequency (number of incidents), severity (minor, severe), and mode of violence (in-person, online). However, it may be important to examine how the integration of these characteristics of IPV differ across ���������������������� ���� ������ ���� ������������ �������������������� �������������� ���������� The current study integrated these characteristics to assess classes of IPV and the relevant associations between concurrent and future PTSS. 264 women between the ages of 18-24 (Mage=20.41, SD=2.99) were recruited as part of a greater longitudinal study examining the relationship between PTSS and co-occurring psychopathology following exposure to IPV and/or sexual assault in the past year. Four classes of IPV across four characteristics of IPV (type, severity, frequency, and mode) were identified with latent class analysis (LCA). (1) history of both mild and severe psychological, physical, and sexual IPV in person and online, (2) history of mild and severe psychological IPV and mild sexual IPV occurring in person and online, (3) history of mild psychological IPV occurring in person and online, (4) past history of one type of IPV occurring in person. Class membership and concurrent and future PTSS were found to be associated with class membership.


First Advisor

Maria M. Galano PhD