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Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Document Type


Degree Program

Comparative Literature

Degree Type

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



This thesis puts three antifascist writers in dialogue: Concha Zardoya, Natália Correia, and Ludovica Ripa di Meana. It does so based on their similarities as women who lived in Southern European fascist regimes, who wrote autobiographical poetry books about those regimes. Comparing and qualifying the regimes based on Umberto Eco’s Ur-Fascism, in which he highlights common “family resemblance” characteristics of fascist regimes, I set up the positionality of each women within her specific milieu. I then discuss the resulting poetry books, which all utilize a multi-temporal, teleological construction of the regime based on the writer’s own memory as someone who lived through it. Based on Michel-Roph Trouillot’s framing of history, I study how each writer uses this construction to move from agent/object of history to subject of history, thus granting herself the authority that was denied to her during the regime.


First Advisor

Jim Hicks

Second Advisor

Maria Soledad Barbon

Third Advisor

Roberto Ludovico

Fourth Advisor

Patrícia Ferreira

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.