Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.
Non-UMass Amherst users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.
Dissertations that have an embargo placed on them will not be available to anyone until the embargo expires.
Open Access Thesis
Master of Science (M.S.)
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
Plant-based proteins have gained popularity because of their high nutritional value and more sustainable alternative to animal-based proteins. Soybean and chickpea are two widely consumed plant-based proteins, whereas tempeh is a popular plant-based fermented whole food product that is rich in protein. With the increase in the development of plant-based food products, there is little research into how plant proteins affect gut microbiota characteristics and metabolites. Therefore, there is a need to understand the underlying mechanisms surrounding the consumption of these foods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the health benefits of soybean, chickpea, and their tempeh counterparts’ consumption as whole foods on the gut microbiota and metabolites.
Our results showed that soybean tempeh significantly increased the abundance of beneficial probiotic bacteria such as Roseburia and Ruminiclostridium 5 in the gut microbiota of mice. Additionally, soybean tempeh and soybean significantly increased Muribaculaeceae abundance, known to increase SCFA production in the colon. Lachnospiraceae NKA136 was significantly increased in soybean tempeh, soybean, and chickpea groups which may allow these foods to be used as a way of probiotic restoration. Our results showed that all dietary supplementation groups had significantly altered metabolic profiles compared to the control group. The soybean tempeh group had higher levels of peroxide (vitamin B6), myoinositol, and tetrahydrobiopterin while the chickpea tempeh group had higher levels of metabolites such as 3 hydroxyanthranilic acid. The soybean group had higher levels of metabolites such as 3-hydroxytryptophan (Oxitriptan) whereas the chickpea protein group had higher levels of metabolites such as 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid and oxitriptan.
In conclusion, our study suggests that different plant-based foods can have distinct effects on gut microbiota and metabolic profiles in mice. These findings may have implications for human health and warrant further investigation into the effects of plant protein consumption on human metabolism.
Gandhi, Priya Darshan, "IMPACT OF FERMENTED AND NON-FERMENTED PLANT-BASED FOODS SUPPLEMENTATION ON GUT MICROBIOTA AND METABOLITES IN C57BL/6J MICE" (2023). Masters Theses. 1374.