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Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Document Type


Degree Program


Degree Type

Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Disasters happen all the time, attention should be paid to refugees and help them build new homelands. Japan is an earthquake-prone area, every year there is at least 1 earthquake above 6 magnitude happens there. In 2011, Japan suffered from the 9.0 magnitude earthquake, tsunami and meltdown, the triple disasters. About 100 people died in the earthquake itself, and 20,000 people lost their lives in the tsunami, 465,000 people were evacuated after the disaster. Two years later after the triple disaster, more than half refugees still lived in temporary shelters. Efforts should be concentrated on the development of long living communities.

Relying on existing shelters data and the specific Japanese living styles, the research examines a model of continuous living styles. Develop from a basic rapid shelter unit with low cost and limited functional space to a long-term living place. Japan has a long architecture history, its buildings have strong characteristics which shouldn’t be abandoned in the modern society. My research here is to develop a series of living types immediately following disasters until 2 years later. Typical and traditional Japanese features will be kept, at the same time combine with new aesthetics and technologies.


First Advisor

Kathleen Lugosch

Second Advisor

Alexander C Schreyer

Third Advisor

Naomi Darling