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Access Type

Open Access Thesis

Document Type


Degree Program


Degree Type

Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Past Interference connects the subjects of religion, spirituality and sports, through an examination of my own personal and political connections to football culture, as well as through my attempt to intervene artistically, using a strategy of conflating various historical references into the media of the National Football League. The question at the heart of this paper is what it means to be on the inside of a spectacle, specifically trying to puzzle out how one comes to know that about oneself.

First Advisor

Susan Jahoda

Second Advisor

Shona Macdonald

Third Advisor

Robin Mandel

Included in

Fine Arts Commons