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Open Access Thesis
Molecular & Cellular Biology
Master of Science (M.S.)
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
A variety of diseases lead to the atrophy and/or death of skeletal muscle. To better understand the molecular mechanisms that mediate these processes, I have taken advantage of the intersegmental muscles (ISMs) of the tobacco hawkmoth Manduca sexta, which undergo sequential programs of atrophy and programmed cell death at the end of metamorphosis. ISM death is mediated by changes in gene expression and numerous cell-death associated transcripts have been identified. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small (~22 nucleotide) non-coding RNAs that bind to sequences in messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and either cause translational arrest or mRNA degradation. To test the hypothesis that developmentally regulated miRs may control the stability and/or translatability of target mRNAs in the ISMs, putative mRNA targets for the test miRs have been identified and their 3’ untranslated region (UTR) have been cloned into a dual luciferase reporter plasmid. The microRNA mir-92b binds to the 3’ UTR of the Small Cytoplasmic Leucine Rich repeat Protein (SCLP) mRNA. Expression of miR-92b declines during development and SCLP expression increases with the commitment to die. I found that the miR-92b inhibits luciferase mRNA translation (spectrophotometric plate assays), but does not lead to transcript degradation (quantitative polymerase chain reaction; qPCR). miR-92 plays a survival role in several mammalian tissues and is repressed in two types of cardiomyopathy. Consequently, understanding how miRs regulate mRNA translation and stability may provide a better understanding of the regulation of muscle atrophy and death as well as provide novel tools for diagnostics or therapeutics.
Lawrence M. Schwartz
Leonid A. Pobezinsky
Chan, Elizabeth, "The Role of MicroRNAs in Regulating the Translatability and Stability of Target Messenger RNAs During the Atrophy and Programmed Cell Death of the Intersegmental Muscles of the Tobacco Hawkmoth Manduca sexta." (2016). Masters Theses. 414.