Journal or Book Title
Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
In the present work, we motivate and explore the dynamics of a dissipative variant of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation under the impact of external rotation. As in the well established Hamiltonian case, the rotation gives rise to the formation of vortices. We show, however, that the most unstable mode leading to this instability scales with an appropriate power of the chemical potential μ of the system, increasing proportionally toμ2/3. The precise form of the relevant formula, obtained through our asymptotic analysis, provides the most unstable mode as a function of the atomic density and the trap strength. We show how these unstable modes typically nucleate a large number of vortices in the periphery of the atomic cloud. However, through a pattern selection mechanism, prompted by symmetry-breaking, only few isolated vortices are pulled in sequentially from the periphery towards the bulk of the cloud resulting in highly symmetric stable vortex configurations with far fewer vortices than the original unstable mode. These results may be of relevance to the experimentally tractable realm of finite temperature atomic condensates.
Carretero-González, R.; Kevrekidis, Panayotis G.; and Kolokolnikov, T., "Vortex Nucleation in a Dissipative Variant of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation Under Rotation" (2015). Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. 1254.
Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umass.edu/math_faculty_pubs/1254