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This workfocuses onthe study of time-periodic solutions, including breathers, in a nonlinear lattice consisting of elements whose contacts alternate between strain-hardening and strain-softening. The existence, stability, and bifurcation structure of such solutions, as well as the system dynamics in the presence of damping and driving are studied systematically. It is found that the linear resonant peaks in the system bend toward the frequency gap in the presence of nonlinearity. The time-periodic solutions that lie within the frequency gap compare well to Hamiltonian breathers if the damping and driving are small. In the Hamiltonian limit of the problem, we use a multiple scale analysis to derive a Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation to construct both acoustic and optical breathers. The latter compare very well with the numerically obtained breathers in the Hamiltonian limit.
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Lee, Marisa M.; Charalampidis, Efstathios G.; Xing, Siyuan; Chong, Christopher; and Kevrekidis, Panayotis G., "Breathers in lattices with alternating strain-hardening and strain-softening interactions" (2022). arXiv Preprint. 1327.