Removal of lead from contaminated soils by Typha angustifolia
Journal or Book Title
WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
A greenhouse study was demonstrated for removal of lead (Pb) from contaminated soil by the narrow — leaved cattail, Typha angustifolia. The plants were grown in sandy loam soil containing various concentrations of Pb(NO3)2 (53.3, 106.7, 160, 213.3, and 266.7 mg Pb kg-1 soil). Most lead was accumulated in roots and then transported to leaves. In soil contaminated with 266.7 mg kg-1 of lead, the plants accumulated 7492.6 mg Pb kg-1 dry weight in the roots and 167 mg Pb kg-1 dry weight in the leaves. Yet, no growth retardation from lead was detected. T. angustifolia has high potential as a plant to clean up lead contaminated soil due to its vigorous growth, high biomass productivity, and because it is a perennial in nature. Further work is required to study on the iron plaque formation and its role in metal immobilization.
Panich-Pat, T; Pokethitiyook, P; Kruatrachue, M; Upatham, ES; Srinives, P; and Lanza, GR, "Removal of lead from contaminated soils by Typha angustifolia" (2004). WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION. 293.