Q(2) dependence of the neutron spin structure function g(2)(n) at low Q(2)
Journal or Book Title
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
We present the first measurement of the Q2 dependence of the neutron spin structure function g2(n) at five kinematic points covering 0.57 (GeV/c)2 < or = Q2 < or = 1.34 (GeV/c)2 at x approximately = 0.2. Though the naive quark-parton model predicts g2 = 0, nonzero values occur in more realistic models of the nucleon which include quark-gluon correlations, finite quark masses, or orbital angular momentum. When scattering from a noninteracting quark, g2(n) can be predicted using next-to-leading order fits to world data for g1(n). Deviations from this prediction provide an opportunity to examine QCD dynamics in nucleon structure. Our results show a positive deviation from this prediction at lower Q2, indicating that contributions such as quark-gluon interactions may be important. Precision data obtained for g1(n) are consistent with next-to-leading order fits to world data.
Kramer, K; Armstrong, DS; Averett, TD; Bertozzi, W; Binet, S; Butuceanu, C; Camsonne, A; Cates, GD; Chen, JP; Choi, S; Chudakov, E; Cusanno, F; Deur, A; Djawotho, P; Dutta, D; Finn, JM; Gao, H; Garibaldi, F; Gayou, O; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, A; Gorbenko, V; Griffioen, KA; Hansen, JO; Higinbotham, DW; Hinton, W; Horn, T; de Jager, CW; Jiang, X; Korsch, W; LeRose, J; Lhuillier, D; Liyanage, N; Margaziotis, DJ; McCormick, K; Meziani, ZE; Michaels, R; Milbrath, B; Moffit, B; Nanda, S; Perdrisat, CF; Pomatsalyuk, R; Punjabi, V; Reitz, B; Roche, J; Roche, R; Roedelbronn, M; Savvinov, N; Secrest, J; Singh, J; Sirca, S; Slifer, K; Solvignon, P; Steiner, DJ; Suleiman, R; Sulkosky, V; Tobias, A; Vacheret, A; Xiao, Y; Zheng, X; Zhou, J; Zhu, L; Zhu, X; and Zolnierczuk, PA, "Q(2) dependence of the neutron spin structure function g(2)(n) at low Q(2)" (2005). PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. 33.