Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Access Control

Open Access

Embargo Period

4-1-2022

Degree Program

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Degree Track

Public Health Nurse Leader

Year Degree Awarded

2022

Month Degree Awarded

May

Keywords

Diabetic foot care, rural healthcare, community, education

Advisor

Dr. Pamela Aselton

DNP Project Chair

Dr. Pamela Aselton

DNP Project Outside Member Name

Dr. Kapil Gupta

Abstract

Background: Foot care self-management is critical in continuity of care and in prevention of foot complications associated with diabetes. The purpose of this project was to help residents in a rural Canadian community gain a better understanding foot care self-management.

Methods: This project aimed to implement and evaluate evidence-based education in self-foot care among adults in with diabetes or pre-diabetes who live in Vegreville. Educational sessions were held in person based on the framework of the Social Cognitive Theory. Recruitment occurred over five months in collaboration with community housing centers. The goals focused on evidenced based education in daily foot care and footwear. Data was collected from the pre and post intervention survey questionnaire.

Results: Despite vigorous recruitment due to the pandemic, there were only three participants. Self-foot care practice changes were assessed using descriptive statistics and open-ended questions. Following footcare educational sessions, findings highlight increase frequency of examining feet and checking shoes. Overall, there was a 22% increase in knowledge in the post education intervention score based on the Nottingham Assessment of Functional Footcare Revised.

Conclusions: Information about diabetes foot care self-maintenance has important public health and nursing implications. Evidence-based educational community approaches can be facilitated as outreach efforts to promote footcare outcomes among adults with diabetes or pre-diabetes. Future recommendations include continuing to advance this quality improvement project through informational sessions, nursing student education, continuing efforts in foot care in rural communities and to explore health service delivery education components within the community.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

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