On Memory and Testimony

Kirk Michaelian, University of Massachusetts - Amherst


There has been a general reluctance in epistemology to classify memory and testimony as basic epistemic sources (along with perception, reason, and introspection): some epistemologists have attempted to establish that testimonial justification is reducible; and while considerations of epistemic circularity suggest that reductionism about memorial justification is untenable, epistemologists have typically held that memory merely preserves beliefs and (therefore) their justification. Approaching memory and testimony from a naturalist and reliabilist perspective, this dissertation develops new accounts of these epistemic sources, concluding that neither preservationism about memory nor reductionism about testimony is tenable.