Date of Award

5-13-2011

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Animal Biotechnology & Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

Lisa M. Minter

Second Advisor

Barbara A. Osborne

Third Advisor

Juan Anguita

Subject Categories

Animal Sciences

Abstract

We sought to evaluate the individual contributions of Notch1 and PKC-ζ to disease progression in a mouse model of immune-mediated bone marrow failure and to define a mechanism for their potential cellular cooperation. We transferred parental bulk splenocytes into F1-hybrid recipients to induce a robust immune-mediated bone marrow failure (BMF) that we could partially rescue by administering a pharmacological inhibitor of Notch activation. Transferring splenocytes from PKC--ζ-/- animals did not induce disease, and treating animals with a pharmacological inhibitor of PKC-ζ also provided full protection from disease. We found that inhibiting Notch1 resulted in PKC-ζ down-regulation, and blocking PKC-ζ reduced Notch1 activation, possibly within a positive feedback loop. Our data suggest that both Notch1 and PKC-ζ contribute to disease progression in our mouse model of immune-mediated bone marrow failure. Furthermore, additional findings from the lab demonstrated physical interactions between Notch1, members of the T cell signalosome and PKC-ζ that are essential to mediating full activation of T cells following signaling through the TCR and CD28. Notch1 and/or PKC-ζ may represent novel therapeutic targets in the treatment of bone marrow failure.

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