Moderated mediation analysis is a valuable technique for assessing whether an indirect effect is conditional on values of a moderating variable. We review the basis of moderation and mediation and their integration into a combined model of moderated mediation within a regression framework. Thereafter, an analytic and interpretive illustration of the technique is provided in the context of a substantive school climate research question. The illustration is based on a sample of 318 high schools that examines whether school-wide student engagement mediates the association between the prevalence of teasing and bullying (PTB) and academic achievement on a state-mandated reading exam; and whether this indirect effect was moderated by student perceptions of teacher support.
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Edwards, Kelly D. and Konold, Timothy R.
"Moderated Mediation Analysis: A Review and Application to School Climate Research,"
Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation: Vol. 25
, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/pare/vol25/iss1/5