We use the thermo-mechanical effect to create a chemical potential difference between two liquid reservoirs connected to each other through Vycor rods in series with solid hcp 4He to confirm that a DC flux of atoms takes place below 600 mK, but find that the flux falls abruptly in the vicinity of 80 mK. It is impossible to add density to a solid freshly made at 60 mK and samples freshly made at 60 mK do not allow mass flux, even when raised in temperature to 200 mK. Solids created above 300 mK and cooled to 60 mK accept added density and demonstrate finite mass flux.
Ray, M and Hallock, R, "Mass flux and solid growth in solid 4He: 60 mK - 700 mK" (2011). Physics Department Faculty Publication Series. 1097.
Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umass.edu/physics_faculty_pubs/1097