Journal or Book Title
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
We study the kinematics, dynamics and flow fields generated by an oscillating, compliant membrane hydrofoil extracting energy from a uniform water stream at a chord-based Reynolds number 𝑅𝑒≈3×104. Hydrodynamic forces during the foil's motion cause the membrane to dynamically morph its shape, effectively increasing the camber during the oscillation cycle. The membrane's deflection is modelled using the Young–Laplace equation, with pressure term approximated from thin-airfoil theory. Simultaneous tracking of the membrane deformation and the surrounding flow field using laser profiling and particle image velocimetry, respectively, reveals the role of dynamic cambering in stabilizing the leading-edge vortices on the membrane. In this regime of operation, we obtain up to 160 % higher power extraction when compared to a rigid, symmetric hydrofoil. The present work provides a demonstration of how passive compliance of soft materials interacting with fluids may be exploited in tidal and fluvial energy extraction.
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Mathai, Varghese; Tzezana, Gali Alon; Das, Asimanshu; and Breuer, Kenneth S., "Fluid-structure interactions of energy-harvesting membrane hydrofoils" (2022). Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 1293.