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Physical Review Research


Superconductivity at low temperature—observed in lithium and bismuth, as well as in various low-density superconductors—calls for the development of reliable theoretical and experimental tools for predicting ultralow critical temperatures Tc of Cooper instability in a system demonstrating simply normal Fermi liquid behavior in a broad range of temperatures below the Fermi energy TF. Equally important are controlled predictions of stability in a given Cooper channel. We identify such a protocol within the paradigm of precursory Cooper flow—a universal ansatz describing logarithmically slow temperature evolution of the linear response of the normal state to the pair-creating perturbation. Applying this framework to the two-dimensional uniform electron gas, we reveal a series of exotic superconducting states, pushing controlled theoretical predictions of Tc to the unprecedentedly low scale of 10−100Tf.





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