Ursell operators in statistical physics .3. Thermodynamic properties of degenerate gases
Journal or Book Title
JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE I
We study in more details the properties of the generalized Beth Uhlenbeck formula obtained in a preceding article. This formula leads to a simple integral expression of the grand potential of any dilute system, where the interaction potential appears only through the matrix elements of the second order Ursell operator U2. Our results remain valid for significant degree of degeneracy of the gas, but not when Bose Einstein (or BCS) condensation is reached, or even too close to this transition point. We apply them to the study of the thermodynamic properties of degenerate quantum gases: equation of state, magnetic susceptibility, effects of exchange between bound states and free particles, etc. We compare our predictions to those obtained within other approaches, especially the "pseudo potential" approximation, where the real potential is replaced by a potential with zero range (Dirac delta function). This comparison is conveniently made in terms of a temperature dependent quantity, the "Ursell length", which we define in the text. This length plays a role which is analogous to the scattering length for pseudopotentials, but it is temperature dependent and may include more physical effects than just binary collision effects; for instance, for fermions at very low temperatures, it may change sign or increase almost exponentially. As an illustration, numerical results for quantum hard spheres are given.
Gruter, P; Laloe, F; Meyerovich, AE; and Mullin, W, "Ursell operators in statistical physics .3. Thermodynamic properties of degenerate gases" (1997). JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE I. 54.
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