LONGITUDINAL RELAXATION-TIME FOR DILUTE QUANTUM GASES
Journal or Book Title
JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS
We calculate the longitudinal relaxation timeT 1 for a polarized spin-1/2 Fermi gas, in zero magnetic field, for conditions of temperatureT and densityn such that Boltzmann statistics are valid. Our results show generally thatT 1 is independent of polarization of the gas. At highT, where the thermal wavelength lambda is small compared to the scattering lengtha, T 1 is proportionalT 1/2, while at lowT, such that lambda is greater thana, T 1 is proportional toT –1/2.T 1 thus has a minimum at some intermediate temperature confirming the numerical results of Shizgal. Physical arguments show that the existence of the minimum does not depend on the presence of an attractive part of the potential. As an example of the expected temperature dependence we calculateT 1 numerically, via the distorted-wave Born approximation, for the case of a gas interacting via a hard core. We also computeT 1 for a spin-1/2 Bose gas, which also shows a minimum.
Mullin, WJ; LALOE, F; and RICHARDS, MG, "LONGITUDINAL RELAXATION-TIME FOR DILUTE QUANTUM GASES" (1990). JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS. 69.
Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umass.edu/physics_faculty_pubs/69